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Psychiatrists are doctors who are medically trained and specialize in psychiatry. It is also common for psychiatrists come into facilities to act as a consultant for other professionals. Psychiatrists’ licenses are unique because they are licensed medical doctors to prescribe medications when necessary.

What Training is Needed to Become a Psychiatrist? To become a psychiatrist, aspiring doctors first need to attain a bachelor’s degree. Next, they will move onto medical school, where they will earn their MDs. Then they are required to complete their four-year residency. In most cases, this occurs in a psychiatric hospital or a hospital’s psychiatric department. Many psychiatrists also pursue a specialty group that they will solely or mainly focus on during their career.

What Psychiatric Subcategories Are There? There are a variety of psychiatric subcategories psychiatrists may choose to specialize in. They might sometimes decide to focus on treating patients in a particular age group or choose to treat a single condition.

Psychiatrists are also unique in that they are licensed medical doctors to prescribe medications when necessary.

What is Psychiatric Training?


Training to become a psychiatrist involves first getting a bachelor’s degree and then moving onto medical school and earning their MSs. Once they earn their MDs, they complete their four-year residency, usually in a psychiatric hospital or a hospital’s psychiatric department. Many psychiatrists also pursue a specialty group, such as focusing mainly or only on working with middle-aged adults or the elderly.

Positive Reset EatonTown Psychiatrist taking notes
Positive Reset EatonTown Psychiatrist Smiling

What Types of Psychiatric Treatments Are There?


There are a variety of treatments psychiatrists use depending on the patients’ overall emotional condition and symptoms. The treatments that can be used on their own or with any combination of other psychiatric treatments, which include:

  • Psychotherapy
  • Behavioral Therapy
  • Interpersonal Therapy
  • Dialectical Therapy
Positive Reset EatonTown Psychiatrist Smiling

The subcategories psychiatrists focus on are:


Sleep Disorders

Psychiatrists focus on what is affecting sleep behaviors and patterns in their clients. Substance abuse, depression, and anxiety are commonly associated with sleep disorders.

Addiction Psychiatry

Psychiatrists treat impulse-control disorders. In this subcategory, the focus is often on gambling, drugs and alcohol, sex, and food.

Gender and Sexual Psychiatry

Psychiatrists treat psychiatric difficulties common with gender identity disorder, sexual dysfunction, and sexual orientation. This is a relatively new specialty, but it has grown substantially in recent years.

Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

Psychiatrists focus on working with children and adolescents. The psychiatrists will be focusing on the mindsets and behavior patterns of the children they are treating. They also pay close attention to influences on those who are 18-years-old and younger.

Psychosomatic Medicine

Psychosomatic medicine focuses on patients with physical symptoms, which are mainly caused by psychiatric effects. Once they know what is affecting the patient, they start treatment to help them move in a healthier direction. Many physical illnesses can affect the mind, and the same goes for mental illness causing physical symptoms.

Community Psychiatry

Psychiatrists take a public health perspective in this subcategory. They focus on finding, stopping, and treating behavioral and emotional disorders specific to a community. Psychiatrists often use outreach centers for the field.


Psychiatrists work with psychiatric and emotional issues involving the central nervous system. Electroconvulsive (ECI) therapy is sometimes employed as part of treatment.

Cross-Cultural Psychiatry

Psychiatrists work with psychiatric and emotional issues involving the central nervous system. Electroconvulsive (ECI) therapy is sometimes employed as part of treatment.

Geriatric Psychiatry

Psychiatrists focus on working with elderly patients. Psychiatrists in this field often treat patients with memory disorders such as Alzheimer’s or Dementia and frequently need chronic pain management, palliative care, and hospice care.

Developmental Psychiatry

Psychiatrists in this subcategory focus on the developments and roots of psychiatric disorders and any changes the brain experiences during fetal development and early childhood.

Forensic Psychiatry

Psychiatrists are brought in as consultants for attorneys and law enforcement agencies. When they consult, they frequently give impartial testimony for legal cases.

Eating Disorders

Psychiatrists focus on treating patients who have eating disorders such as Bulimia and Anorexia Nervosa. They do this by helping them change how they regard their behaviors applicable to eating, body, exercise, and nutrition.

Emergency Psychiatry

Psychiatrists in this subcategory work in urgent situations where their patients’ well-being, health, or life is at risk. These professionals work with an array of patients who tend to self-injure or act violently towards others.

Frequently Asked Questions

What exactly are psychiatrists, and what is their role?

Psychiatrists are highly trained medical professionals who specialize in psychiatry. They have a unique role in the medical field, combining medical expertise with a focus on mental health. In addition to offering medical insights, they can prescribe medications when necessary, making them a crucial part of mental health treatment.

What is the path to becoming a psychiatrist?

Becoming a psychiatrist involves several steps. First, aspiring psychiatrists need to complete a bachelor’s degree. Next, they attend medical school to earn their MDs. Then comes a four-year residency, typically in psychiatric hospitals or hospital psychiatric departments. Some psychiatrists also choose to specialize further during their careers.

What are the subcategories within psychiatry?

Psychiatry is a diverse field with various subcategories. Psychiatrists may specialize in areas like sleep disorders, addiction psychiatry, gender and sexual psychiatry, child and adolescent psychiatry, and more. This diversity allows them to focus on specific patient groups or conditions, ensuring tailored care.

What kind of training do psychiatrists undergo?

The journey to becoming a psychiatrist begins with a bachelor’s degree, followed by medical school to earn an MD. Subsequently, they complete a four-year residency, usually in psychiatric settings. Many psychiatrists choose to specialize, focusing primarily on particular patient groups or conditions.

What types of psychiatric treatments are available?

Psychiatrists employ a range of treatments to address emotional conditions and symptoms. These treatments include psychotherapy, behavioral therapy, interpersonal therapy, and dialectical therapy. By combining these approaches, they tailor treatment to each patient’s unique needs.

What is the role of a psychiatrist in addressing sleep disorders?

Psychiatrists specializing in sleep disorders explore the factors affecting sleep behaviors and patterns. They often work with issues related to substance abuse, depression, and anxiety that can impact a person’s ability to sleep restfully.

How do psychiatrists approach addiction psychiatry?

In addiction psychiatry, the focus is on treating impulse-control disorders related to gambling, drugs, alcohol, sex, and food. Psychiatrists in this field help individuals regain control and break free from destructive behavior patterns.

What does gender and sexual psychiatry involve?

Gender and sexual psychiatry addresses issues related to gender identity, sexual dysfunction, and sexual orientation. This relatively new specialty has grown significantly in recent years and is dedicated to helping individuals navigate complex issues related to their gender and sexuality.

What is the role of a psychiatrist in child and adolescent psychiatry?

Child and adolescent psychiatrists focus on the mental well-being of children and young adults. They closely examine behavior patterns and the influences that impact individuals aged 18 and below, offering crucial support during crucial developmental stages.

What is the field of psychosomatic medicine?

Psychosomatic medicine concentrates on patients with physical symptoms largely caused by psychiatric factors. These psychiatrists identify the psychological issues contributing to physical ailments and provide treatment to help patients move toward better health.