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The Different Types of Counseling

Types of Counseling

In order to ensure we provide you with the best possible resources, the experts here at Positive Reset updated this post in January, 2024!

Mental disorders are a serious human health issue. People have realized that mental health is just as important as physical health. The first step in promoting better mental health in society is educating people about it.

The New Jersey Therapists and Counselors at Positive Reset Mental Health Clinic often talk about mental health issues and their causes. However, it is our goal to educate people about different types of counseling.


What is Counseling?

Counseling is a form of “talk therapy” where an individual, group, family, or couple meets a trained medical practitioner to discuss their issues. The practitioner uses different techniques and methods based on the situation to treat their problems. However, when trying to determine what types of counseling are there and what does a counselor do, the answers will depend on what someone comes in to achieve and the different counseling specialties the counselors have. 


Types Of Counseling Based on Technique

Here are some major counseling approaches that most people benefit from:

  • Psychoanalytic Counseling
  • Humanistic Counseling
  • Behavioral Counseling
  • Cognitive Counseling
  • Constructionist Counseling
  • Systemic Counseling

Positive Reset Different Types of Counseling man talking with a counselor

1. Psychoanalytic Counseling

Psychodynamic or psychoanalytic methods originate from the time of psychoanalytic godfather Sigmund Freud, although the method has evolved over the decades. The main idea is that to understand a person’s problems, the counselor must first study and understand that person’s mind. 

This involves not only feelings and emotions but also delving into things that may be buried in the subconscious and unconscious, such as past (and perhaps forgotten) traumas, and uncovering underlying negative associations and pathways that may influence current issues. Psychodynamic counseling is designed to help patients become aware of various aspects of their thoughts and personality and achieve psychological balance by recognizing their hidden motives.


2. Humanistic Counseling

Humanistic forms of counseling are based on the assumption that each person is unique and has room to grow emotionally and psychologically. Rather than focusing on life events, the humanistic approach examines how patients experience these events and how these experiences make them feel. This type of counseling aims to help patients feel how their reactions to life events affect them.

Humanistic counselors provide patients with the skills to solve and find solutions.


3. Client-Centered Counseling

Client-centered counseling is a branch of humanistic counseling based on the belief that we all already have the resources to cope with life’s challenges. In this form of counseling, the client is the expert on their feelings and thoughts, not the counselor. The consultant’s task is to find out and reflect on what the patient says, not to ask or explain anything to the patient.


4. Behavioral Counseling

Behavioral counseling is available for patients struggling with unwanted behaviors such as eating disorders or anxiety disorders. This approach assumes that the environment determines a person’s behavior, and if the patient is in an environment that reinforces or promotes it, the problem will persist.

The study of prior learning is very important in behavioral counseling because it can probably be unlearned if the behavior is learned. Behavioral counselors may use different types of NJ therapy to help patients change their behavior, but the desired outcome is the same.


5. Cognitive Counseling

Cognitive counseling, such as reality therapy and acceptance therapy, focuses on aligning the patient’s thoughts with reality. It is believed that thinking out of sync with reality creates psychological and emotional difficulties.

Therefore, cognitive therapists challenge thought patterns and try to align them with reality so that patients can find accurate solutions to their problems.


6. Constructionist Counseling

Constructivist counseling is based on the belief that knowledge is merely a constructed understanding of events, not the events themselves. It is in this sense-making process that people’s:

  • Thoughts
  • Feelings
  • Behaviors – are formed.

Constructivist counselors help clients change these problematic constructs about themselves, their relationships, and the world.


Positive Reset Different Types of Counseling group counseling session


Types Of Counseling Based on Meeting Environment

Here are some types of counseling based on the environment of counseling;

  • Face-to-face
  • Group Counseling
  • Conference calls
  • Online counseling



At Positive Reset Eatontown, we value the profound impact of personal, face-to-face interactions in the therapeutic process. Face-to-face counseling sessions offer a personal and immersive experience, providing a secure and confidential space where you can meet one-on-one with your counselor to explore and address your concerns.

Scheduling an appointment for face-to-face counseling means setting aside a dedicated time for self-care and personal growth. In these sessions, you’re not just a voice or a screen; you are present in a room designed to foster comfort and trust so you can open up during an individual therapy session. The physical presence of both you and the counselor can enhance the therapeutic connection, making it easier to pick up on and respond to non-verbal cues such as body language and emotional expressions.

This traditional form of counseling is renowned for its effectiveness because it allows for real-time, immediate interaction and feedback. You can delve into your thoughts and emotions in depth, receiving instant support and guidance. The counselor can tailor their approach dynamically, based on your reactions and needs, creating a personalized and adaptive experience.

In face-to-face sessions at Positive Reset Eatontown, you’ll find a safe haven where you can openly discuss and work through your challenges, whether they’re related to stress, anxiety, relationships, or any other aspect of mental health. Our compassionate counselors are dedicated to creating a warm and empathetic environment where you’ll feel heard, understood, and supported throughout your journey of healing and self-discovery.

We recognize that each individual’s path is unique, and we’re here to walk alongside you, providing the tools and insights needed to foster resilience, growth, and well-being. If you’re seeking a deeply personal and interactive approach to therapy, our face-to-face counseling sessions might be the perfect fit for your journey towards emotional health and balance.


Group Counseling

At Positive Reset Eatontown, we recognize the unique benefits that NJ group counseling can offer. Group therapy sessions are facilitated by our professional counselors who guide participants through a process of shared exploration and support. In these sessions, you’ll find yourself among peers who may be facing similar challenges, providing a collective experience where each member can draw strength and insight from one another.

Joining a group counseling session can be a profoundly empowering experience. It allows you to see that you’re not alone in your struggles, fostering a sense of universality and camaraderie. As you listen and share within the group, you’ll begin to build a strong support network, finding solace and understanding in the shared stories and experiences of others. This can significantly enhance your own coping strategies and provide different perspectives on handling life’s difficulties.

In group therapy, you’ll also have the opportunity to receive and provide feedback in a safe and moderated environment. Observing how others tackle similar issues can offer new ideas and insights for your own journey. The group setting encourages empathy, promotes social skills, and helps to reduce the stigma and isolation often associated with mental health issues.

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However, it’s important to recognize that while group counseling offers many benefits, it might not be the optimal choice for everyone or for every issue. If you feel that your concerns require individual attention, or if you prefer privacy in discussing your issues, one-on-one counseling might be more suitable. Personal counseling sessions provide an environment where the focus is entirely on you and your specific needs, allowing for a more tailored therapeutic experience.

At Positive Reset Eatontown, we’re committed to offering a range of counseling options to suit your individual needs and preferences. Whether you find strength in the shared journey of group therapy or seek the focused attention of individual sessions, we’re here to provide compassionate support and guidance. Our goal is to empower you with the tools and understanding necessary to navigate your path to emotional well-being and resilience.


Conference Calls

At Positive Reset Eatontown, we understand that your life can be bustling and finding time for face-to-face consultations might not always fit into your schedule. That’s why we offer conference calls for therapy as a convenient and flexible alternative. This option allows you to receive the support and guidance you need from the comfort and privacy of your own space, whether that’s your home, office, or any other place where you feel secure and at ease.

Telephone consultations are an excellent choice for those with demanding schedules, transportation challenges, or anyone who prefers the ease of connecting over a call. During these sessions, you’ll be able to discuss your concerns, emotions, and experiences just as you would in person, but with the added benefit of doing so at a time and place that suits you best.

Our professional counselors are skilled at creating a warm and empathetic environment, even over the phone. They’ll ensure that you feel heard and understood, providing a supportive space where you can openly express yourself. Throughout the call, your counselor will be there to listen actively, offer insights, and work with you to develop strategies to address your challenges and promote your well-being.

Conference call therapy isn’t just a matter of convenience; it’s about making mental health support accessible and adaptable to your life. It’s about ensuring that no matter how busy you are, you have the opportunity to care for your mental health in a way that fits your needs. At Positive Reset Eatontown, we’re committed to providing flexible therapy options that honor your lifestyle and preferences while offering the compassionate and professional support you deserve on your journey to emotional health and balance.


Online Counseling

At Positive Reset Eatontown, we recognize and embrace the growing need for flexible and accessible mental health services. Online counseling, or teletherapy, is a testament to our commitment to providing care that accommodates your personal preferences and modern lifestyle. If you’re hesitant about face-to-face meetings or if you value the privacy and convenience that online sessions offer, teletherapy might be the perfect solution for you.

Initiating teletherapy is straightforward and designed with your comfort in mind. By simply emailing your counselor, you can set up a session that fits into your schedule. This process allows you to maintain a level of anonymity and control that might not be as easily achieved in traditional settings. You’re given the time and space to reflect on the issues you wish to discuss, enabling you to approach each session with clarity and focus.

During online counseling sessions, you’ll engage in a real-time conversation with your counselor through a secure and confidential platform. This can be through video calls, audio calls, or even chat messaging, depending on your preference. Just like in-person therapy, your counselor will be fully present and attentive, offering insights, support, and therapeutic strategies to help you navigate your challenges and achieve your goals.

The popularity of online counseling has surged for good reason. It eliminates barriers such as travel time and can be particularly beneficial if you live in a remote area or have mobility issues. It also provides an opportunity for those who might feel uncomfortable with traditional therapy settings to seek help in a way that feels safe and private.

At Positive Reset Eatontown, we’re dedicated to embracing innovative approaches to therapy that honor your individual needs and preferences. We believe in making mental health support as accessible and adaptable as possible, and online counseling is a prime example of how we’re working to make that belief a reality. Whether you’re at home, at work, or even traveling, our teletherapy services are here to provide you with the compassionate and professional support you deserve, wherever you are and whenever you need it.


Positive Reset Different Types of Counseling family counseling session in NJ


Different Types Of Counseling Based on Clients

Each of the many types of counselors has a specialty, whether it is something like trauma, teenagers, or veterans. They help a specific subset of the population because that is where they feel they can do the best based on their education and experience. Here are some types of counseling based on the clients:

  • Couples’ counseling
  • Family Counseling
  • Adolescence counseling
  • Children counseling


Couples’ Counseling

At Positive Reset Eatontown, we understand that relationships can face a multitude of challenges that may create stress, misunderstandings, and disconnection between partners. Couples counseling is a proactive and effective approach that aims to address these issues, fostering a deeper understanding and stronger bond between partners.

Our Couples Counseling services in New Jersey provide a safe and neutral space for both individuals to express their thoughts, feelings, and concerns. It’s a place where you can both be heard and understood without judgment. Our skilled counselors are trained to facilitate open and honest communication, helping couples to identify and explore the underlying issues that may be causing conflict or dissatisfaction.

We employ a variety of techniques and strategies tailored to each couple’s unique situation. Whether you’re dealing with communication problems, trust issues, intimacy concerns, or navigating life changes together, our counselors are here to guide and support you. We work collaboratively with couples to develop effective coping strategies, enhance emotional connection, and rebuild a foundation of mutual respect and understanding.

Couples counseling isn’t just about resolving conflicts; it’s also about strengthening your relationship. We help partners recognize and appreciate their differences, set shared goals, and rediscover the qualities that brought them together. Our aim is to empower couples to manage their marital affairs more effectively, leading to a more fulfilling and enduring partnership.

Whether you are facing specific challenges or simply wish to enhance your relationship, Positive Reset Eatontown is committed to providing the support and guidance needed for couples to navigate their journey together. Through Couples Counseling, we strive to help you and your partner find harmony, joy, and a deeper connection within your relationship.


Family Counseling

At Positive Reset Eatontown, we recognize that every family is unique and encounters its own set of challenges and dynamics. Life’s transitions, communication breakdowns, and personal conflicts can create tension and discord within the family unit. Our Family Counseling services in NJ are here to provide a supportive space where families can come together to address and work through their issues.

Our experienced family counselors act as neutral facilitators, guiding each session with empathy and understanding. We encourage all family members to openly express their thoughts and feelings, helping to bring underlying issues to the surface. By creating a safe and respectful environment, we enable families to engage in honest and constructive conversations.

In family counseling, we focus on enhancing communication skills, fostering empathy, and understanding each member’s perspective. We explore patterns of behavior and interaction that may be contributing to the family’s difficulties. Our counselors provide strategies and tools to help families break negative cycles, build stronger bonds, and promote a more harmonious home life.

We also emphasize the importance of individual responsibility and the impact of each person’s actions on the family as a whole. By understanding these dynamics, family members can learn to support each other more effectively and work together towards common goals.

Our goal is to empower families to resolve conflicts, strengthen relationships, and create a more positive and nurturing environment. Whether dealing with everyday stressors or more complex issues, Positive Reset Eatontown is committed to helping families navigate their journey with compassion and expertise. Through Family Counseling, we strive to bring families closer together, enhancing their resilience and unity for a happier, healthier future.


Adolescent Counseling

Navigating the teenage years can be a tumultuous time for both adolescents and their parents. As teenagers are at the prime of their youth, a surge of hormones can lead to an array of intense emotions and behaviors, often marking this period with a sense of rebellion and a quest for independence. At Positive Reset Eatontown, we recognize the challenges and complexities of this critical stage of life.

Our adolescent counseling services are specifically tailored to address the unique needs of teenagers and their families. We provide a supportive and non-judgmental environment where teens can freely express their thoughts and feelings. Our experienced counselors are skilled in connecting with young individuals, helping them understand and navigate their emotions, relationships, and identities.

Through adolescence counseling, we empower teenagers to develop self-awareness, resilience, and healthier coping mechanisms. We also offer guidance on effective communication, conflict resolution, and emotional regulation, which are crucial skills for maintaining healthy relationships with family and peers.

For parents, our counseling services offer insights into the adolescent experience, providing strategies to foster a supportive and understanding home environment. We aim to strengthen the parent-teen bond, promoting open dialogue and mutual respect. By understanding each other’s perspectives and needs, families can navigate the adolescent years with more empathy and less conflict.

At Positive Reset Eatontown, we believe that with the right support and guidance, adolescence can be a time of positive growth and discovery. Our Adolescent Counseling services are here to support teenagers and their families in building a foundation for lasting, healthy relationships and a brighter future.


Children Counseling

At Positive Reset Eatontown, we understand the unique challenges children face in today’s world. Our NJ children’s counseling services are designed to provide a caring and safe environment where young minds can express themselves openly. 

Our empathetic NJ therapists specialize in working with children, helping them navigate through issues such as stress, anxiety, behavioral challenges, and emotional difficulties. We believe in a compassionate approach, employing strategies and techniques that are age-appropriate and tailored to each child’s individual needs. 

Our goal is to support children in building resilience, confidence, and healthy coping skills, ensuring they have a positive foundation for growth and development. Together, we can help your child thrive emotionally and socially, fostering a brighter, more positive future.


Contact Positive Reset Today To Learn More About the Different Counseling Specialties We Have in NJ

So, what are the different types of counseling? There are several different types of counseling that helps people in need of support and mental treatment. Regardless of your issues and situation, there is a counselor and counseling technique that can help you manage better. Hence, don’t hesitate to contact Positive Reset and seek treatment.

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